Loglines are born simply from the necessity to be economic. They are how you sell your film, to friends, viewers and producers – think of it as an elevator pitch, but you’re only going up one floor!
We normally think of just movie loglines when discussing the subject, however loglines for short films and documentaries play just as vital a role!
It should essentially be a one-to-two sentence summary of the plot of your film first, and if possible, the main characters and themes second.
Let’s take a look at some great examples from famous films and TV shows:
Nine noble families fight for control over the mythical lands of Westeros, while a forgotten race returns after being dormant for thousands of years.
Marty McFly, a 17-year-old high school student, is accidentally sent 30 years into the past in a time-traveling DeLorean invented by his close friend, the maverick scientist Doc Brown.
These are two fantastic examples in two very different styles, showing the variety with which you can write a logline, the former being plot focussed, and the latter being character focussed.
We’ll share one more example which we find particularly potent and interesting, from the film In the Mood for Love;
Two neighbors, a woman and a man, form a strong bond after both suspect extramarital activities of their spouses. However, they agree to keep their bond platonic so as not to commit similar wrongs.
This is dramatically different from the other two in that, whilst it essentially explains the plot, it is theme-focussed.
Also check out Five Modern Filmmaking Techniques To Use With Your Students?
Making just any logline is easy; however making a great logline is very hard. So let us dissect how to best approach it in these 10 easy tips for writing loglines:
- The protagonist, their goal, and the antagonist.
A logline doesn’t need have these things; however starting with them can make it easier for you to progress with writing,
- Consider carefully if you want to use a character’s name!
Few films can really pull off this: Harry Potter, Luke Skywalker, Back to the Future (as mentioned earlier), Die Hard.
However if your film really just follows one character’s journey, and you believe their name helps cement the tone of your film with the reader, then why not try?
- Descriptors that add to the story!
Using a strong, specific adjective to describe the main character can help show their wants and desires, and how it fits in the plot.
- Make sure you show your character’s goals early on.
This drives your story and it will drive your logline too.
- Describe the Antagonist
Using the antagonist and (more importantly) their place in stopping the main character’s journey to their goal adds substance to your logline and script, making readers want to find out how it ends!
- Active protagonists
As the centre of your plot, a protagonist should be pro-active, as their actions are ultimately what drives the films.
Some films interestingly make the protagonist reactive, in order to explore a particular problem, place or theme (however this is really just a different means of being active).
- Include the stakes at hand and/or the “ticking time-bomb” restraints on the story.
This is a very useful narrative device that adds urgency and drive to your film, without which, why does this story exist and how is it worth telling?
Depending on your script, you may need a brief setup in order to explain how the world operates and whether it has different rules to our own, for example, in most science-fiction stories.
This can be physical laws of the world or a personal or psychological history of the driving character, depending on whether it is crucial to the story.
- The End
Obviously don’t include the ending or any surprise twists. Any surprise should be a lovely bonus to the reader.
Note: Plot twists should be explained in the treatment.
- Don’t tell. Sell.
All selling is about creating a desire. In this case it is to see the script or watch the film. Loglines are like poetry in that every word counts and that there aren’t any rules. There are many ways to do it, it’s just about taking your time and trying lots of different things until you find what works best for you and your film.
Halloween is fast approaching, and this might have started your creative juices flowing. No good horror film is complete without a good dose of gore special effects. So, here are some filmmaking tips and techniques to help you create practical gore effects, without breaking the bank. If you’re on a budget or are just a bit of a DIY’er, then you’ll have a great time with these.
If you’re creating the next Saw movie on a budget, you are going to need fake blood. There’s no better way to get exactly what you want than by making it yourself. You can make as much or as little as you want, and exactly how you want it. Here’s a great recipe for fake blood we found; it’s not harmful at all and you can tweak the recipe as you need!
If anyone is going to be wielding an axe in your horror film, open wounds are a must. You can fashion your very own open wounds with things you can find around the home. You can do this using toilet paper, glue and some makeup products. You use toilet paper and glue to create your wound shape and make it look realistic with makeup and some of the fake blood you made. Here’s a handy YouTube video which demonstrates how to do it. These wounds look great, and pretty realistic considering they’re effectively made out of loo roll.
Is it even a horror film if there isn’t an exploding head? I think not. This probably sounds like it’s going to be really difficult, but it’s actually one of those things that’s way easier than you might think. Thanks to a little bit of digital trickery, you can create an exploding head scene which would fool anyone. Take a look at this tutorial to see how it’s done, it’s got some great filmmaking tips and techniques. You’ll need a load of fake blood and a little bit of time to get that perfect blood spattered, horrified look from your actors.
If you want to ramp up the DIY and you are in need of a severed limb for your project, this tutorial shows you exactly how to create one. Beware: this is going to be time consuming, but it will be worth it as you horrify everyone with a super realistic severed hand. These filmmaking tricks will help you create some amazing effects.
Squibs and gunshots
You can’t give up easily when making a horror film, and if we’ve learned anything from spending hours and hours on zombie films (albeit often through fingers), it’s that the best way to protect yourself from an attack, is with a gun. To make your gunshot look effective, you’ll need to use a squib. This video shows you how to do this all yourself, in a relatively easy and very cheap way. It’s also really safe, meaning your actors aren’t going to get more than they bargained for.
If you have enjoyed reading this, take a look at our article on Breakthrough Technologies of 2017 which are set to Reshape Filmmaking.
Film animation technology began simply with pen and paper, that’s all. Over the years we’ve come a long way, now countless TV shows and films are made with either 2D or 3D animation, all aided by computers. In fact, Pixar was the first to create a feature-length computer-generated animated film, with Toy Story in 1995. This was not only a milestone in cinema but in technology. That is a common thread through a lot of filmmaking, although in particular with animation.
To predict the future of animation we have too look back on how it has changed with technology. From basic flipbooks, to computer aided 2D animation, to 3D computer generated animation, now to using CGI and data from the real world to create the most realistic and emotive animation yet!
Looking forward, to the future of animation technology, here are 4 new emerging ways animation could be ready for another revolution:
- Merging the real film with animation
This is no new technique, seen most famously in Who Framed Roger Rabbit, but using real footage alongside animation has recently been a great space for innovation. This is most notably so with the recent film Kubo and the Two Strings, a 3D stop-motion animation with such ambitious set-pieces that the result is a beautiful example of the merging of the old and new techniques of animation – using both computer effects and traditional stop-motion animation techniques.
- Virtual Reality
A buzzword of the new age, virtual reality is still taking its baby steps and the applications for filmmaking are still being explored. VR offers exciting innovation opportunities including practical, timesaving preproduction, a rich narrative device for conventional film and dynamic storytelling medium. This extends to animated films – just imagine a VR 3D animation movie, putting you inside the CG rendered environment.
- 3D-Printing and scanning
From a production perspective, 3D printing could really revolutionise large parts of filmmaking, and animation is no different. Imagine designing a character out of clay and them importing a 3D scan of it into your CG world, or of course scanning a room and then using your data to create a full photo-realistic environment for your animation. This works in reverse too, stop-motion could be revolutionised by simply 3D printing your entire environment.
This kind of work has been done before, in Avatar for example, where large parts of the film are basically entirely 3D animated, but where real life images and scans have been cleverly and beautifully merged with the animation.
- Collaborative cloud drives
Teamwork is required for all film, but nothing more so than in animation. It used to be a hassle moving assets like character or motion data from one animator to another, but now the whole process is becoming streamlined by using collaborative cloud workplaces. With this new technology the access and sharing of content and assets has become incredibly easy, speeding up the whole animation process.
Also now filmmakers can work with production teams from different parts of the world. So lets say you need a small amount of animation for your indie film, now you can find just the right person from anywhere in the world and collaborate through the web to complete it.
Go back even 30 years and the idea or concept of low-budget (or no-budget) filmmaking was kind of unheard of, revolutionary even. Yet now it has become very common in the indie filmmaking community – in fact, it may even be the best way of making a statement and launch your career!
Diamonds can only be made under extreme pressure, so whether it is out of choice or necessity, here are 7 low budget filmmaking tips for turning your compromises into ways of making the most of your situation:
- Story first, everything else second:
Before you even start production, you have a story. With a low-budget film, there are three things to consider about the script before starting; firstly, the story needs to not only be feasible on a small budget but also suit the budget, there is no point in trying to create a blockbuster on just £3000; secondly, the story needs to be optimised for your budget, you can always change scenes to reduce the budget but preserve its essence; thirdly, the story needs to be good, unlike huge big-budget films, it can’t hide behind special effects and an elaborate production design, doubly so because the audiences which watch low-budget films are usually more astute about films generally.
- Find cameras for cheap:
The cameras used by big studios are expensive. For example, the cost of the 8K RED Weapon, which has been used for Guardians of the Galaxy 2 and Gone Girl, can range from $49.500 to $79,500, with options of leasing it for less.
However, it is highly likely that you or someone you know owns a DSLR or mirrorless camera capable of shooting HD or even 4K. If not, the app and site Fat Lama allows you or others to rent their valuables for a nominal fee, allowing you to rent out a camera for the duration of the shoot, rather than splashing out and buying one.
Of course you main focus should be on how to best use the equipment you have, as no expensive camera can replace talent. Here are some of our articles with filmmaking tips and tricks to help:
- Choose to shoot in free locations
A key part of pre-production is in location scouting. If you’re restricted by cost, then you can adjust your script to be in free locations. Also, use your network! It is highly likely that someone may own just the right kind of house or land to shoot your scene. If outside, consider public locations.
- Use Natural Lighting
Lighting can get expensive, so you can cut costs, save time and reduce equipment needs by simply using natural light – whether that be the sun, moon, or streetlights. Look for locations outside, choose sunny days, and consider using darkness – it’s always cheaper to create darkness than to avoid it.
This is a classic among low budget filmmaking tips, and that is evident in the overall style of indie cinema – where there is an abundance of using natural soft light, and if done well it can look even better than studio lighting.
- Be over-prepared:
A very detailed production script and schedule will help cut costs by helping you foresee and avoid unnecessary costs. However, as with any film, there will be unforeseeable setbacks you can’t prepare for, and will undoubtedly face. Which is why the right approach is so important and will help you cut-down costs in the face of dilemmas; this can be fostered along by over-preparing for the project and by having the right emotional intelligence to make flexible decision-making.
- Share ‘your baby’ to cut costs
With personnel costs being the largest costs for indie film productions, this is where it may be best to cut costs. This isn’t to say sacrifice the quality of your film for the sake of money, but working on favours, goodwill, and mutual benefits, (i.e. making it a collaborative process) can be the best way of dramatically reducing your overhead costs.
If this is the route your go, put your pride to one side, whilst this film might be “your” baby, there is no shame in sharing as much credit as possible. This can even create a much greater sense of ownership for everyone involved, increasing the quality of the work produced.
- Don’t lose sight of why you are a filmmaker
And finally, this shouldn’t need reiterating, but in this incredibly tough industry, we often lose sight of why we even do it. You can have all the filmmaking tips and tricks in the world but get lost in it all and don’t forget to make your project fun, honest, and significant. You’re creating art, and it’s either a break from reality or a reflection of it. If you can keep that idea running through your production then it’ll make the entire collaborative process much more enjoyable, as well as help your crew give their 100%.
Everything is in place – you have a great concept, the script is locked down, the talent and the equipment are on the way and you even have the shotlist laid out. But there are still plenty of elements of the production you need to consider – how is the film actually going to look on the screen? How are you continuously going to draw your audience’s attention to the screen and keep them fascinated?
Cinematography is more than just knowing where to point the camera for each shot or where to put the lights. There are a number of cinematography tips and camera techniques in filmmaking that will give the finished work a truly cinematic look. Without these, no matter the quality of the script or the talent, the look and feel of the film could end up appearing more like a local news report than an engaging piece of visual art.
Filters are one of the easiest and most inexpensive cinematic techniques to employ to lift the picture and give it real depth. But filters can also be a daunting prospect to a new filmmaker so here are some basic filter types that can be used on even the most inexpensive cameras to produce great results.
Neutral density (ND) filters – these allow you to shoot outdoors in bright daylight or indoors with strong studio lights without having to reduce the aperture of the lens. This is important because maintaining a wide aperture means you can use a very shallow depth of field and hence gain that professional, cinematic look. ND filters do this by reducing the overall amount of light across all wavelengths coming through to the lens without altering the colour of that light. ND filters come in a variety of densities to suit different conditions.
Polarisers – when it comes to cinematic techniques, polarising filters can produce some of the most dramatic results. They can darken the blue of the sky and greatly increase the contrast of the clouds. They can reduce the surface reflection on water so reveal any detail underneath and polarising filters can also help to eliminate reflections in glass and on metallic surfaces. Overall these filters can give a scene an almost hyper-real look which will elevate it above the mundanity of the news broadcast.
Diffusion filters – the image sharpness of modern digital cameras can detract from the idea that you’re presenting life through a lens to your audience, so this is where diffusion filters add to the toolbox of camera techniques in filmmaking. They’ll soften an image without reducing the detail within. Diffusion filters will bloom light sources and highlights, raise the image contrast and pick out shadows. By smoothing skin tones and giving a virtually unnoticed glow to actors, this type of filter greatly enhances the gorgeous quality of a shot to keep an audience enthralled.
Post-production software can produce some of the results described here but there’s nothing like getting the look you want up front. Filters are a relatively inexpensive and it’s not difficult to experiment to get the right look for your shot. Check out Premium Beat’s blog for more examples of camera filtration techniques.
Producing a film can be one of the most effective ways of striking a chord with audience, starting a social change. This is because films can uniquely, as an art form, evoke emotions from the audience, whilst educating and persuading, and all at a mass scale – which speaks volumes of the importance of documentary films.
As two academics, a filmmaking career may seem like a strange direction for P.J. Marcellino (Canada) and Hermon Farahi (US) to go in. However, this is exactly what they decided to use to amplify their voice and present an emerging cultural context through indigenous musical storytellers and culture keepers across Canada.
In an interview Marcellino, speaks of 3 links between documentary filmmaking and social impact, as well as on how films can be used to gain a greater audience and evoke a response in a more profound way:
- People need to see your message for it to stimulate change,
The exposure one can get through film and digital media – whether at a film festival, local cinema screening, online or through education – is magnified compared to many traditional ways we try to incite change, such as street campaigns, protests, and petitions.
Festival exposure and awards often attract press attention, which is the best way of increasing your exposure, next to exploding on social media feeds.
As two forward-thinking researchers and policy analysts, most of Marcellino and Farahi’s usual academic/policy work never get the public and government exposure their documentary has achieved. Marcellino commented:
“My role was to provide policy-makers with information to allow them to make decisions in an informed manner. I often wondered if they ever read what me and my colleagues wrote – or if our reports ever got to the desks that mattered.”
- People need to feel your story for it to inspire change
Data drives decisions every day in what we do, but data alone doesn’t resonate in the part of our brains that can fathom complex issues, and hence move one to action through the emotional brain.
Put simply, data might tell us what to do but story tells us why we should do it.
“As a field researcher, I felt like I had a grasp of the human scale that was being missed by so many conference presenters, and when addressing a room of policy makers, I made an impassionate appeal to remember that when they’re distilling 100 stories into one spreadsheet, the human level of those stories is being lost in translation. That was the first time I remember feeling that film may well be a better tool to bring these dramatic stories to a broader audience.”
- You need to actually make something (and release it into the world) to inspire people:
In our world, the role of filmmakers is more than simply a creative one. We also need to share ideas and information – the beginnings of all change.
Whilst there are reliable and traditional channels of change, there are also channels that cut more directly into the core of who we are in this evolving society.
Marcellino comments: “Documentary film is perhaps the most ‘edited’ form of film there is. Of course we are filming reality, but how the director chooses to present it, how the narrative is crafted, shapes a new reality. So, the fine balance then becomes how to represent the ‘real reality’ truthfully, while also creating an engaging narrative with a story arc, that audiences can engage with.”
“If done right, film can be one of the most powerful tools to convey strong feelings to an audience. You can see faces, you can look in the eyes of characters, you can feel their emotions (which, of course, a filmmaker can enhance through colour and music). All this offers up a dimension that is unachievable even in the best reports packed with lively interviews. Sometimes you find similarly impactful pieces written by frontline journalists (think New Yorker, The New York Times, Vanity Fair), but film certainly has a power that is unmatched today.”
With ever advancing technology, it is also an ever more exciting time to be a filmmaker! Digital cameras are getting smaller, cheaper, and more powerful each year. Even smartphones are beginning to use 360-degree recording! We have already seen digital overtake film both in TV and cinema. All these new technological advances in film are sure to bring new revolutions to cinema, and make currently expensive equipment and methods affordable to independent filmmakers.
Whether you’re looking to enter the film industry or are already a pro, it’s essential to keep up with the latest tech that might be affecting the industry.
The following are seven of the most promising and hence impactful latest technological developments in cinema.
4K+ 3D Technology
4K and 3D technology have been available for years now, however only affordable for regular consumers more recently. Combining the two technologies into a viable filmmaking solution has been a dream for years, until now with Lucid VR’s ‘LucidCam’, touted as the “first and only 4K 3D VR live production camera”.
Also on a distant (and currently very expensive, $17,000) horizon is the Google-supported Yi Technology ‘Yi Halo 16-point 4k 3D action camera’ – quite a mouthful! Featuring sixteen spherically aligned 4k action cameras (plus a few extra facing upwards), this foretells some incredible technological advances in film to come – check out more on the Yi Halo website.
Dual Camera VR
With augmented and virtual reality becoming one of the new emergent visual technologies of 2017, new VR cameras will soon be commercially available. The ambitious Kickstarter-project ‘Two Eyes VR’ is one such new VR camera. The team behind it believe immersive 360 viewing and recording is the way of the future – it is, after all, how we experience the world daily.
While there have been supposed “autonomous” drones on the market for years now, in truth, they have simply been a sensationalist, play-toy beginning to what true fully-autonomous drones are going to be: sentient drones with knowledge and algorithms on everything from filmmaking techniques, such as shot sizes, viewing angles, and screen positioning, to obstacle avoidance and even open source technology available to developers wanting to create the drone cinematographers of the future.
This may sound like a ‘SkyNet/terminator’ kind-of future, but the only thing these drones will be shooting is footage (hopefully).
Smartphone Filmmaking Gear
To film purists, the idea that entire feature films will be shot on Smartphones might seem dystopian. However, it has already happened, multiple times, and to great success!
In fact, the market and industry has already begun to shift to accommodate up-and-coming smartphone filmmakers, offering new, cool and innovative gear and technologies.
The idea behind drone goggles is basically combining a regular VR headset, like the Oculus Rift, and a controllable drone into one single package. The hope is that this will allow the users to see the world through the eyes of a drone, and as with any device, this will bring technological advances in film as filmmakers come up with innovative ways of using the equipment.
DJI recently unveiled their current drone goggle offering, at NAB, now on the market. Although there are significant limitations to many of the the current products available, POV drone operation is growing in demand, and hence investment in the technology is increasing!
3D Printing Your Own Gear
3D printing has been a very exciting area for many years now, with promises of revolutionising just about everything! The hope is that there will come a day when shipping gear across the world will be a thing of the past, however currently speed, quality, and affordability, all limit that dream.
That said, small and simple items for filmmakers, like follow focuses, lens rings, tripod plates, will soon be easily obtainable and even customisable through new 3D printing technology.
Likely the most abstract and least known of these new technologies is algorithmic editing technologies. MIT researchers are developing this new software, which may replace many film and video editing jobs or, depending on how you look at it, will simply make those jobs much less tedious. Regardless, the breakthroughs in facial recognition, automatic labelling, and idiom-appliance may seem frighteningly innovative, and all bring into question the role of technology in filmmaking and how technology has changed the film industry.
With the latest release of the iPhone 8 and iPhone X, Apple has also announced a new update to its mobile operating software, iOS 11. This happens annually, as if the company works by solar cycle, which can be both a blessing and a curse for filmmakers who rely on the iPhone or iPad – whether as a camera, editor, computer or all three.
Whilst Android is the most popular smartphone OS in the world, with an 80-90 per cent market share as opposed to the 10-20 per cent market share (other operating systems barely register). Yet iOS remains the platform of choice of most major broadcasters, including the BBC, mobile journalism, and filmmakers.
More efficient storage
One of the biggest changes is in new storage options for photos and videos, albeit only for the newest iOS devices. Apple claims that this new compression will allow photos and videos to retain their “discernible” quality whilst having half the file size: Photos will have the option to not be in .jpg but instead can be in HEIF (High Efficiency Image File). Likewise, there’s an option to record videos not in .mov but in HEVC (High Efficiency Video Coding or H.265).
This is obviously fantastic news for filmmakers, who will in theory be able to store twice as much footage on the device before exporting it to a laptop or hard drive. Check out our article with filmmaking tips to make the most of your storage and battery too!
You will also now be able to remove apps, freeing up essential film footage space, however when you re-download them, the app is fully restored, unlike before – with all the documents and data you had before.
New Camera features!
There are many changes to the camera app, however the most useful changes for us filmmakers will be the feature to include the ‘rule of thirds’ grid for video now too, where it was only for photos before. This will be helpful when lining up a shot or trying to keep horizons level, excellent for helping you get that cinematic look with your footage. For photos, also gains a levelling feature that shows when an iPhone is being held perfectly level for an overhead shot.
There’s also now a document scanner built into the camera, within the Notes app; scanned documents can then be annotated and saved as a PDF.
New photos and video features!
Now whenever you capture a new screengrab, each new screenshot will be shown after at the bottom left of the screen. This gives you the option to share with another app instantly, or tap briefly once to adjust it. Previously, it took eight taps to access the options to edit a screengrab; now just one. This will be particularly useful to filmmakers looking to take quick screenshots of their footage to share!
The video camera is finally able to pause during recording (although this has been a feature long available in third party apps). However, one disappointing thing, the native iOS camera looks like it will continue to only record in 30 frames per second (fps) or multiples of that. This is great if your footage is to be broadcast in North America but not for those of us in many other places which use 25 fps.
With more and more budget indie filmmakers empowered by iOS in the world (and by some excellent Android cameras as well, of course!), particularly in countries with little legal press freedom, one new feature in iOS 11 is very welcome: the ability to lock the device quickly and prevent it from being easily re-opened. Depending on the laws of the country where you work, police officers can demand you unlock your device with your fingerprint, however they can’t demand you use your passcode. Apple has used this to its users advantage, as now they have given their phones the ability to disable Touch ID simple by pressing the on/off button five times – it can only be re-enabled with a passcode, which of course you can decline to give.
Saving the best till last, the new AR Kit is Apple’s way of introducing the possibilities of Augmented Reality (AR) to their audiences. The iPhone camera will map objects onto the world it can ‘see’ for the user to view on the screen. Whilst this may see like a gimmick at first, with the modern ingenuity of filmmakers over the globe, we can bet that this will be used in exciting and inventive ways.
The oft-used phrase “show, don’t tell” is one of the first filmmaking tips that anyone beginning to learn their craft will be taught. After getting onboard with the basic steps of filmmaking, show don’t tell is the mantra that every filmmaking student should have embedded in their psyche from the the very start of their pursuit of filmmaking as a passion as well as a craft, as well as an educational qualification to strive for.
Cinema, after all, is a visual medium and sound is there only to enhance what is on the screen. Music can rouse the emotions and explosions can excite but some of the most powerful filmmaking tips and tricks use silence to grip the audience.
Silence does not necessarily mean a complete absence of sound. In cinematic terms, it is usually taken to mean no dialogue or music. In the quietude of a scene, subtle ambient sound will anchor the audience to the arena in which the moment is playing out. It gives a context to the experience, whether that be an emotional revelation or a tension building setup. Don’t neglect the soundscape of the piece – lack of noise doesn’t mean you don’t have to think about it. You still need to place those inflexions of sound that will lift the story beats in the scene.
There are plenty of filmmaking tips and tricks on using sound but too much noise throughout a film, like profanity in dialogue, means the effect of it is lost when it is needed most. Let’s take Ridley Scott’s masterfully constructed Alien as an example of these filmmaking tips and techniques. This genre-blending story is quiet – the opening uses music sparingly and mixes it with the ambient sounds of the ship to lock the audience into the arena. Despite being science-fiction, the sparse, mechanical sound effects and realistic, minimal dialogue give the film a naturalistic feel – which sets the stage perfectly to gain maximum impact from the unnatural horror of the film’s subject when it’s revealed.
When there is very little sound, and especially no dialogue, it allows the audience to work through the scene themselves. This is part of the movie that is happening off-screen, in the watchers’ imagination. In the quiet, the audience has the opportunity to come to its own conclusions and feel smart in doing so – something every filmmaker should be aiming for.
Take a look at PremiumBeat’s blog for more filmmaking tips and techniques from some of the best uses of silence in cinema.
So, you have the equipment and script for your next project, why not try this: – remove the dialogue from the script and ask yourself does the film still work? Does it still convey the intended emotion and dramatic irony? If the story falls flat, then revisit the structure and composition of the visuals, the pace and the script itself. Ask why the audience doesn’t connect with your film and the answers will come in the form of missed opportunities to “show, don’t tell”.
A high-end, high-price cinema camera will not make a great filmmaker. Knowledge of the craft, a deep understanding of the language of cinema and the creative flair of the individual will make the next generation of filmmakers shine.
They all have to start somewhere and today’s image capturing technology is making that start more and more accessible. Of course, the professional kit is there – RED and Arri are out there and it’s tempting to think that a project is not going to be up to scratch without such 8K monsters. But audiences want to see a good story and nowadays a good story can be captured on and increasing number of affordable devices that allow student filmmakers to flex their burgeoning creativity.
At the higher end of the student budget the Blackmagic Design Pocket Cinema Camera comes in at just under one thousand pounds and is becoming the go to camera body for the serious low-budget filmmaker. It’s small, easy to handle and produces excellent results. Just remember to budget for lenses, batteries and digital storage.
A step up from this is the URSA Mini 4K EF, also from Blackmagic. Another thousand pounds adds a 4K sensor and 12 stop dynamic range for that close to professional polish.
Perhaps the most popular format for those learning the craft is the DSLR. These are widely available and offer enough flexibility to allow even the keenest student to apply the latest filmmaking tips and techniques. Take a look at Adorama’s favourites in this field with the Canon 70D as the best all rounder for an easy to handle, robust camera that produces good results. Paired with the right lens it can produce great results. Again, remember to budget for batteries and storage.
There is another factor that the student filmmaker must consider with these budget cameras and that is sound. A big caveat with any of the units listed here is that a separate sound recorder will be a necessity – audiences will forgive picture definition being slightly off from perfect but loss of sound track fidelity is something that will seriously distract from the emotion that is being created for them. Try the Zoom H6 Handy Recorder, an external digital sound recorder with plenty of features and flexibility.
Traditional cameras are all well and good but let’s not forget that technology is moving forward apace such that now every filmmaking student will have the means to capture a visual story already in their pocket. Almost all filmmaking tips and techniques can be executed on the current generation of smartphones – check out Sean Baker’s Tangerine as proof. The ever evolving iPhone and Samsung S series are the pick of the crop that can handle 4K and 60fps footage.
One last branch of camera engineering that requires mention is that of drones. Costs are coming down and quality is going up. The Mavic Pro comes in at a thousand pounds and for that you get a 4K camera with 3-axis stabilisation. It’s not just the grand, sweeping aerial shots these machines create – they allow for crane shots and ultra-smooth tracking shots over the roughest terrain.
Once your students have the equipment that can further enhance their creativity, they’ll be free to apply all the filmmaking tricks that their emerging imaginations will want to express on the screen. Combine this with Quickclass.net’s filmmaking tips for student filmmakers and the next wave of visual storytellers will be on their ways to proving themselves.