Key features of a successful eLearning model ensure appropriate information is delivered to the relevant audience not only in an engaging way, but also during a realistic and achievable time frame. Above all, thorough and consistent communication to all parties involved lies at the heart of eLearning projects. The following are two models which should be considered when questioning how to make eLearning effective.
The ADDIE Model
ADDIE eLearning consists of six key components which make up the acronym ADDIE, all of which intertwine to build a fluid eLearning model.
Analysis – This decides the basics such as its target audience, timeframe and aims; be its behavioural or skill-building.
Design – A crucial stage which sources and creates content specific to learners’ needs.
Development – Resources for content creation are then built upon and expanded, during which debugging and testing takes place make sure information is compatible with desired systems.
Implementation- Content widely available on the necessary LMS or app store and material is also promoted to gather interest.
Evaluation- This phase collects feedback, sometimes using training metrics, to assess how well the product has been received and whether it has met learning objectives which were decided in the analysis and design stages. It is often used to refine and tweek the project accordingly.
Pros of ADDIE
- Easier to predict project timeframes as large portions are planned in advance.
- The evaluation of large units is simpler.
Cons of ADDIE
- If crucial information is missed in the initial stages this may be difficult to retrieve.
- If there is scope for further improvement or change this can be costly to implement.
The AGILE Model
In contrast to ADDIE’s master plan, Agile elearning produces concise pieces of relevant content quickly and adjusts them over several stages. A consistent stream of develierable information which is routinely adapted is the general idea.
Initially, all designers, stakeholders and experts meet to brainstorm the project and agree on ways in which parts of the course will be created and how they will function. Creation phases named sprints then take place. Meeting called scrums, will then discuss what can be done to progress causes or flag up any problems which need addressing. Once sprints are completed, larger meetings are then called to decide which part of the project should be focused on next.
Pros of AGILE
- Regularly collaboration means better communication amongst all stakeholders.
- Its flexibility means projects can change direction more easily.
Cons of AGILE
- A complete picture is not seen early on.
- Some stakeholders are resistant due to its continuous development mistaken for lack of planning.
Both of these eLearning approaches are prominent in recent trends, each having their own benefits and downfalls. To determine which method is suitable for your particular project, it is important to remember that each individual project is different, and more than necessary to bare in mind a few factors. The size of your project may call for an ADDIE approach if it happens to be a large and in need of an effective draft in the initial stages to engage all stakeholders. Conversely, tight project deadlines may satisfy an AGILE approach as small yet rapid development could be the key to its success. Similarly, content which is not yet fully-developed but is ready for a soft-launch would adhere to an AGILE-style methodology.